PDF II approach

PDF II support is provided in two ways

Providing technical assistance to Champions of Change, primarily ministers, through Embedded Advisers

This support is provided by way of medium- to long-term organisational support to ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs). Although PDF II does not provide capacity building for MDAs, it is able to channel such requests to DFID for consideration, or to programmes better placed to provide support.

Building an evidence base through research and explorative studies

PDF II funds policy studies and consultations to build an evidence base in support of the technical assistance provided by Embedded Advisers. It also funds explorative studies to advance pro-poor social and economic policies.

Policy formulation is best understood as a set of processes, activities or actions. PDF II is committed to supporting Champions of Change across five dimensions of policy formulation.

Five dimensions of policy formulation

Framing debates and influencing the political agenda
Encouraging stakeholder commitment
Securing procedural change at the domestic or international level
Affecting policy content
Influencing behaviour change in policy execution/regulatory enforcement

Framing debates and influencing the political agenda

PDF II seeks to bring about attitudinal changes in key stakeholders by drawing attention to new issues in policy development and implementation.

Encouraging stakeholder commitment

PDF II aims to promote media statements linked to policy that, for example, promote recognition of specific groups or constitute endorsements of international declarations.

Securing procedural change at the domestic or international level

The programme aims to change the process whereby policy decisions are made by opening up new spaces for policy dialogue and/or regulatory enforcement or monitoring.

Affecting policy content

Changes in legislation and regulations relating to policy implementation can be as effective as changes in actual policies, as well as quicker and more direct.

Influencing behaviour change in policy execution/regulatory enforcement

Policy execution requires changes in resource allocation, decisions and behaviours at various levels in order to be meaningful and sustainable.

PDF II is a flexible rapid-response facility that cuts across ministries, departments, agencies and sectors. This puts it in a unique position to provide key information and learning to other DFID programmes, as well as government agencies it does not support directly. PDF II also organises dialogues and learning events, as part of its role supporting policy formulation. The dialogues provide a platform to support the five dimensions of policy formulation.

PDF II Theory of Change

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