Over 80% of Africa’s exports are shipped overseas mainly to the European Union (EU), China and the US, with the continent trailing behind its counterparts in intra-regional trade at 17% compared to Europe at 69% and Asia at 59%. There are huge benefits in establishing a free trade area among the 1.3bn people (accounting for Africa’s population) with a combined GDP of US$ 2.5 trillion from 54 countries. Free trade could create millions of jobs and reduce unemployment among the continent’s teeming youth population as free trade could be a catalyst for structural change and economic development. Read about how PDF II contributed to Nigeria’s decision to sign up to the AfCFTA.
AfCFTA – Nigeria Signs Up
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This report documents the strategic plan for the implementation of the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) by Nigeria following a diagnostic review of the prevailing trade ecosystem including the participants (traders and service providers), the regulating agencies, prevailing policies, and processes as well as the level of regional integration.
Export Expansion Grant (EEG) was established under the Export Incentives and Miscellaneous Decrees of 1986 and amended into an Act in 1992 to accomplish the diversification agenda of the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN). Other export support funds created under the same Act are the Export Development Fund (EDF) and Export Adjustment Scheme Fund (EASF). The funds have been repositioned in the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP) of 2017-2020. The EEG is a post-shipment incentive scheme aimed to achieve three key objectives: (i) to enable exporters to expand their businesses more conveniently, (ii) make Nigeria’s non-oil export more competitive, and (iii) facilitate greater and faster foreign market penetration.
PDF II (now PDF Bridge)’s Trade Policy Workstream funded a study on “Analysis and Impact of the Export Expansion Grant on Export Potential, Market Access and Export Competitiveness in Nigeria”. This policy roundtable discussed the findings and recommendations from this study.
Study to Maximise Women’s Participation and Chances of Success in Youth Enterprise with Innovation (YouWiN!) Business Plan Competition Programme
This is a study carried out to provide the management of YouWiN with an improved approach they can adopt to encourage women’s participation in the business plan competition. It was conducted in 2012 with the support of FCDO (formerly DFID). Based on the findings and lessons from the study, recommendations were made for consideration by the management of the YouWiN programme to increase the number of women participating, winning grants and running sustainable businesses under the Youth Enterprise with Innovation in Nigeria Programme (YouWiN!)
This study focuses on the determination of the impact of Nigeria’s textiles import restriction. Specifically, the study describes the structure of the global and Nigeria’s textile industries as well as the global value chain, and the policy environment surrounding the industry in a global and national perspective. It was conducted in 2013 with support from FCDO (formerly DFID).
REFORM OPTIONS FOR REDUCING THE TIME, COST, AND NUMBER OF PROCEDURES FOR TRADING ACROSS BORDERS IN NIGERIA
The lack of improvement and deterioration in Nigeria’s export trade performance rankings such as measures of time and cost associated with exporting and importing a standardized cargo of goods reinforces the need for Nigeria to undertake urgent and extensive reform to improve its trading across borders performance. This research provides immediate, medium and long term reform options.