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AfCFTA Ratification Study

This study was commissioned by the PDF Bridge Programme with a specific term of reference for use by the Beneficiary, the Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Investment (FMITI). It is expected that this report will provide current and actionable recommendations that will support FMITI on the AfCFTA ratification process and enhance its preparedness for implementation.


Continuous and consistent implementation of the Export Expansion Grant (EEG) has been identified as crucial to the diversification agenda of the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN). Despite its importance, however, the programme has experienced various implementation challenges and, at least, three suspensions since inception. The aim of this study is to provide evidence-based information on EEG implementation to guide relevant stakeholders to reform and reposition the scheme for greater effectiveness. The study aims to specifically analyse the impact of the grant on the beneficiaries prior to suspension in 2013 and the post-suspension implementation from 2017. It also investigates the challenges faced by beneficiaries in their attempts to access the grant. The study applied both primary through survey and secondary data through desk review to address the set objectives of the study. The survey was conducted through three methods: (i) administration of questionnaires, (ii) Key informant interviews (KII), and (iii) focused group discussions (FGD).

Analysis of Potentials of Nigeria’s Services Sector for Economic Diversification, Employment, and Foreign Trade

Africa’s contribution to global trade in services is little with slow growth despite rapid globalisation and liberalisation. The continent’s intra – African trade in services is also relatively little. Nigeria’s services sector contribution to its GDP is huge, representing 55.8 per cent in 2017. It recorded a growth rate of 1.83percent in 2018. Hence, the services sector possesses the immense potential to promote diversification, employment, and growth, even without a current holistic services sector policy. This study specifically mapped and profiled key services sectors; reviewed domestic regulations relating to services; estimated the current and future potentials for export, and provided associated recommendations.

Collective Action on Corruption in Nigeria; A Social Norms Approach to Connecting Society and Institutions

The findings from this report presents new evidence of the social beliefs and expectations that influence some day-today forms of corruption in Nigeria. It also diagnoses what drives corrupt behaviour in Nigeria, and the types of beliefs that support practices understood to be corrupt. Its findings are based largely on a national household survey in collaboration with Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics with support from FCDO (formerly DFID).